Gwalior is one of the India's most dynamic and exhilarating cities in central India, in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The nucleus of Gwalior is a citadel crowning, an isolated hill about 91 Meter high, 3.2 Kilometers long, and 823 Meters wide. The Gwalior Fort built on the hill is said to have been a stronghold for centuries.
History of Gwalior is traced back to a legend: Suraj Sen. in 8 A.D. a deadly disease struck him. He was cured by a hermit saint, Gwalipa, and in gratitude, he founded this city which he named after the saint who has given him the gift of a new life.
The new city of Gwalior became, over the centuries, the cradle of great dynasties and with each one the city gained new dimensions from warrior-kings, poets, musicians, and saints, contributing to making it a city renowned throughout the country. Today, Gwalior is a modern Indian city, vibrant and bustling with yet another feather on its cap the “Smart City”.
It has large industrial areas nearby, viz., Malanpur and Banmore having big production units of various MNCs like Godrej-Boyce, Cadburys, Crompton Greaves, J.K. Tyres, SRF, Ranbaxy etc.
The entire city is a visual and aesthetic feast, for the builders of Gwalior were great architects. Take a walk through the streets of the city and you will discover old havelis with exquisitely carved doorways and windows; at almost every street crossing. Museum’s and art galleries are treasure houses and beautifully maintained palaces give the city its inimitable regal flavor. Sightseeing in Gwalior is a magical trip into the centuries gone by.
The Gwalior climate can be termed as extremes, both in summer and winter. The summers are usually very hot and the winters very cold in Gwalior. From the month of April to June, Gwalior experiences summer with temperatures soaring to a high of 45 - 47 degrees centigrade, the mean however being 33 degrees centigrade. In winters the average temperature remains around 17 degrees centigrade.
Various choices of transportation facilities are available in Gwalior:
Gwalior has its own airport that is situated 8 km. from the main city. Gwalior is connected by Airlines to Mumbai, Indore, and Delhi.
The Gwalior Railway Station located within the city area lies on the main Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai rail route. The Gatimaan, Shatabdi and Taj Express are among the major trains that connect Gwalior with NCR and all corners of the country.
Gwalior is very well connected by a good set-up of roads and road transports to all major towns of Madhya Pradesh and surrounding areas are available.
Gwalior is a well acknowledged place of art, associated with historic as well as contemporary evidence. In August 2005 a Mural created by Aasutosh Panigrahi along with five other artists, was acknowledged as world's largest Indoor Mural by Guinness Book of World Records. The artwork was created at Shyam Vatika (Saraswati Estate, near Gola Ka Mandir). Shyam Vatika is one of the largest Auditorium of Gwalior. Gwalior holds an unparalleled reputation in Sangeet and the legendary musician Tansen came from Gwalior. In his memory, Tansen Samaroh is held every year. Sarod Maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan was also from the royal city of Gwalior. His grandfather Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash became a court musician in the erstwhile Gwalior Estate. Culturally Gwalior is the confluence of two rich cultures Bundeli and Braj.
Every year an international level music festival is organized in December near the Tomb of Mian Tansen, one of the 'Nine Jewels' of Emperor Akbar's courts. Musicians and singers from all over India and abroad come here to perform in the festival. The prestigious Tansen Samman is conferred to the deserving artist every year.
A wide variety of accommodation from ‘expensive’ to ‘budget’ category is available for students and tourists who wish to stay in the city for a longer period.
The 'land of Tansen' is replete with several entertainment venues where every night signs off with joyful activities. Theatres, cinema theaters, shopping malls, multiplexes, and other glittering spots, buzzing with people, display medley of emotion.
Shopping in Gwalior is going to be a fabulous experience. The Gwalior bazaars are perhaps the oldest in Madhya Pradesh. The shops in Gwalior have a lineage of centuries and were once patronized by the royalty in Gwalior. Various ranges of art and craft items like lacquer ware, potteries, dolls, hand-woven carpets, wall hangings, and jewelry are available. Gwalior is famous for its Chanderi sarees. Besides, there are also many shopping malls of repute available in the city.
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